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A simple guide to understanding humic substances

Humic substances are of interest to the scientific community due to their environmental significance.

Humic substances comprise of fulvic acids, humin and humic acids and can be differentiated mainly by their molecular size and properties.

Humic acids have been shown to bind heavy metals in vivo reducing toxicity.

Humic acids are naturally occurring acids originating from a biological and chemical decomposition of organic matter such as plants and animals as well as the bioactivity of microorganisms.

HUMIC ACIDS: As natural organic compounds they are part of soil humus; they also occur in muds, peat and bogs, and bodies of water. However, their highest concentrations are found in Oxihumolite or commonly known as Leonardite

The humification process forming Leonardite takes millions of years to form whereas the formation of peat is about 1000 years. Therefore, the molecular structure of humic acids found in Leonardite differs from those found in peat.

The effectiveness of humic acids lies in their complex molecular structure, hence retaining the original form is essential to preserve their functionality.

Humic substances are part of soil humus and are its main bioactive agent. The structure of humic substances ensures that the planet is green and fertile.

Whereas natural humic acids have an organic molecular structure, the entire world produces humic salts which have a clear chemical structure apart from HUMAC Group that focuses strictly on mechanical procedure.

Humic and fulvic acids in humic substances ensure soil fertility and are a key component of a healthy natural environment; their absence in nature can be characterized by deserts

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